If you should decide to have a pet raccoon, find a veterinarian
that will treat your pet before you get one. Unless the raccoon
is legally obtained, it is usually illegal for the veterinarian
to treat the animal. Some may feel they don't have the experience
to treat exotic animals; some may not want the experience even if
your raccoon is legal.
In general, the raccoon has few health
problems, but. .
- The raccoon can get both dog and cat
rabies. It can be vaccinated against both diseases if a
killed vaccine is used. If you intend to keep your pet
indoors at all times, this may not be necessary.
Raccoons can be vaccinated against a variety of
diseases they may acquire. Only killed vaccines should be
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- Gastrointestinal upsets:
- At times your pet may eat something that
causes either diarrhea or constipation. Usually the
problem can be solved by either giving the raccoon some
cream for constipation or rice or corn if the poor little
guy has diarrhea. Diarrhea is often caused by a change in
diet,overeating, extreme change in temperature or stress.
If the coon's temperature is normal (below 102.5)
Neo_Pectasol or Pectalin can be administered at 1cc per
pound of body weight three times a day. If the diarrhea
lasts more than 36 hours, see a vet
immediately.Sometimes, if he gets outside, he may eat
something gross and have a more serious problem. One coon
I know ate a rat and got a swollen spleen as a result. He
was fine after treatment by his doctor.
- Heart Failure:
- Raccoons that are neutered tend to become
obese. The raccoon is lazy by nature. Once they're obese,
they develop heart conditions. The best way to avoid this
is to keep the raccoon slim and on a low fat diet. Sound
- Raccoons, like dogs and cats, can get
worms. Dosing the raccoon with piperazine under a
veterinarian's care is a safe way to handle this if the
'coon has round worms.
mg/kg given orally once
lbs. Given once
lbs. weight given once
given for 2 days
- My vet says pyrethrins are safe, but be
careful of dosage.
- Geriatric Raccoons:
- If a raccoon lives long enough and doesn't
die of a heart condition, other conditions that may prove
fatal are kidney and liver failure. Both of these can be
controlled with diet and medication under the supervision
of a vet.
- Seizures - Epilepsy
- Yes, we raccoons can have seizures, but
they can be controlled. All seizures are related to an
abnormality in the central nervous system. Those for
which a cause can be found are referred to as acquired
epilepsy. Causes may include ingestion of toxin, trauma,
infectious diseases such as distemper, metabolic
imbalances such as liver or kidney failure or even a
brain tumor. Idiopathic epilepsy is that for which no
cause can be found. If your raccoon has a seizure, write
down all the details you observe to help your
veterinarian diagnose the problem. Note how long the
seizure lasts, is only one side of the body affected, or
are both affected, does he have only one seizure or
multiple seizures, does he urinate or defecate? How does
he behave after the seizure? Is he confused, restless,
unresponsive or even suffer from temporary blindness?
Your vet. will conduct a series of tests. If a
cause is found, it will be treated. If no cause is found,
treatment to control the epilepsy will be begun. The goal
of such treatment is to decrease the frequency and
severity of their seizures without serious side effects.
Phenobarbitol (Primedone) is the drug
most often used. Physical dependence on the drug occurs,
and it should never be withdrawn except in gradually
reduced dosages over a period of time. It's important to
have your raccoon's blood serum levels tested frequently
during treatment as no two raccoons are alike in the dose
they need. In fact, your own raccoon will need to have
his dose adjusted from time to time.
When your raccoon has a seizure, you
can help him by keeping him as quiet as possible. Turn
off the TV and lights. Remove other animals and people
from the room and try to comfort him. If he usually
sleeps in a bed under covers, try putting a blanket over
If you need more information about epilepsy, please send
me a note at firstname.lastname@example.org